Skip navigation.


publications



Additional information: Google Scholar, Public lectures, ORCID, and ScopusID

  1. Delegation to autonomous agents promotes cooperation in collective-risk dilemmas
    Elias F. Domingos, Ines Terrucha, Jelena Grujic, J. C. Burguillo, Francisco C. Santos and Tom Lenaerts
    Scientific Reports,12, 8492 (2022).
    (abstract and pdf)
  2. LINES: Multimodal transportation resilience analysis
    Joao Tiago Aparicio, Elisabete Arsenio, Francisco C. Santos, and Rui Henriques
    Sustainability 14 (13), 7891 (2022).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  3. Cooperation and Learning Dynamics under Wealth Inequality and Diversity in Individual Risk
    Ramona Merhej, Fernando P. Santos, Francisco S. Melo, and Francisco C. Santos
    Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research 74 733-764 (2022).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  4. Combining wildfire behaviour simulations and network analysis to support wildfire management: A Mediterranean landscape case study
    Bruno A. Aparicio, Jose M. C. Pereira, Francisco C. Santos, Chiara Bruni, and Ana C. L. Sa
    Ecology Indicators 137, 108726 (2022).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  5. The art of compensation: how hybrid teams solve collective risk dilemmas
    Ines Terrucha, Elias F. Domingos, Francisco C. Santos, Pieter Simoens, and Tom Lenaerts
    in Adaptive Learning Workshop (ALA), AAMAS 2022 - Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems, 2022.
    arXiv:2205.06632 (2022).
    (pdf)
  6. Voluntary safety commitments provide an escape from over-regulation in AI development
    The Anh Han, Luis Moniz Pereira, Francisco C. Santos, and Tom Lenaerts
    Technology in Society 68, 101843 (2022)
    (abstract) (arXiv)
  7. Cooperation and learning dynamics under risk diversity and financial incentives
    Ramona Merhej, Fernando P. Santos, Francisco S. Melo, Mohamed Chetouani, and Francisco C. Santos
    in Proc. of the 21st International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS 2022), Full Paper, in press, IFAAMAS (2022).
  8. Artificial Intelligence Development Races in Heterogeneous Settings
    Theodor Cimpeanu, Francisco C. Santos, Luis Moniz Pereira, Tom Lenaerts, and The Anh Han
    Scientific Reports 12 (1723) (2022).
    (abstract and pdf)
  9. Cooperation dynamics under pandemic risks and heterogeneous economic interdependence
    Manuel Chica, Juan M. Hernandez, and Francisco C. Santos
    Chaos, Solitons and Fractals 155, 111655, (2022).
    (abstract) (pdf) (arXiv)
  10. The complexity of human cooperation under indirect reciprocity
    Fernando P. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco, and Francisco C. Santos
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 376: 20200291 (2021).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  11. Learning Collective Action under Risk Diversity
    Ramona Merhej, Fernando P. Santos, Francisco S. Melo, Francisco C. Santos,
    Cooperative AI Workshop (CoopAI 2021),
    NeurIPS 2021, Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems , 2021
    arXiv:2201.12891 (2021)
    (pdf)
  12. AI Modelling of Counterfactual Thinking for Judicial Reasoning and Governance of Law
    Luís Moniz Pereira, Francisco C. Santos and António Lopes
    book chapter in Artificial Intelligence, Law and Beyond, (eds. Henrique Sousa Antunes and Arlindo Oliveira), UCatólica, in press.
  13. Ação climática e cooperação num mundo incerto
    Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    book chapter (in portuguese) in Complexidade: implicações e políticas globais,
    (eds. Rui Malhó, João Caraça, Helder Coelho, João Braga de Macedo, Rui Vilela Mendes)
    By The Book editions, in press, 2021
  14. Evolutionary games in cities and urban planning
    Sara A. Encarnação, Fernando P. Santos, Francisco C. Santos, Margarida Pereira, Jorge M. Pacheco, and Juval Portugali,
    Handbook on Cities and Complexity 349, 349-369 (2021).
    (chapter) (book)
  15. Eliciting fairness in N-player network games through degree-based role assignment
    Andreia Sofia Teixeira, Francisco C. Santos, Alexandre P. Francisco, and Fernando P. Santos
    Complexity 2021, 6851477 (2021)
    (abstract) (pdf)
  16. Mediating artificial intelligence developments through negative and positive incentives
    The Anh Han, Luis Moniz Pereira, Tom Lenaerts, andFrancisco C. Santos
    PLoS ONE 16(1): e0244592 (2021)
    (abstract and pdf (open access))
  17. Modeling behavioral experiments on uncertainty and cooperation with population-based reinforcement learning
    Elias F. Domingos, Jelena Grujic, J. C. Burguillo, Francisco C. Santos and Tom Lenaerts,
    NERCCS 2021: Fourth Northeast Regional Conference on Complex Systems, Extended abstract, 2021. (pdf)
  18. Risk sensitivity and theory of mind in human coordination
    Pedro L. Ferreira, Francisco C. Santos, and Sérgio Pequito
    PLoS Computational Biology 17 (7), e1009167 (2021)
    (see abstract and pdf (open access))
  19. Modeling behavioral experiments on uncertainty and cooperation with population-based reinforcement learning
    Elias F. Domingos, Jelena Grujic, Juan Carlos Burguillo, Francisco C. Santos, and Tom Lenaerts
    Simulation Modelling Practice and Theory 109, 102299 (2021).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  20. Emotion expressions shape human social norms and reputations
    Celso de Melo, Kazunori Terada, and Francisco C. Santos
    iScience, 24, 102141, Cell Press, 2021.
    (abstract) (pdf)
  21. Dynamics of informal risk-sharing in collective index insurance
    Fernando P. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco, Francisco C. Santos, and Simon A. Levin
    Nature Sustainability 4, pp. 426-432 (2021)
    (abstract) (pdf)
    (Behind the paper blog entry entitled "Prospects, dynamics and dilemmas of agricultural insurance", by Fernando P. Santos)
  22. Stable leaders pave the way for cooperation under time-dependent exploration rates
    Flavio L. Pinheiro, Jorge M. Pacheco, and Francisco C. Santos
    Royal Society Open Science, 8(2), 200910 (2021).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  23. Exploring Empathy in Cyberbullying with Serious Games
    Paula C. Ferreira, Ana M. V. Simão, Ana Paiva, Carlos Martinho, Rui Prada, Aristides Ferreira, Francisco C. Santos
    Computers & Education 166, 104155 (2021).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  24. Time-scale differences will influence the regulation required in an idealised AI race game
    The Anh Han, Luis Moniz Pereira, Francisco C. Santos, and Tom Lenaerts
    in Erdem, E., Helmert, M. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 30th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence
    IJCAI 2021, Journal Track, Montreal, Canada, August 21-26, 2021
    (IJCAI-2021)
  25. Modelling and regulating safety compliance: Game theory lessons from AI development races analyses
    The Anh Han, Luis Moniz Pereira, Francisco C. Santos, and Tom Lenaerts
    in AISafety 2021 Workshop of IJCAI 2021
    (AISafety-2021)
  26. Delegation to autonomous agents promotes cooperation in collective-risk dilemmas
    Elias F. Domingos, Ines Terrucha, Rémi Suchon, Jelena Grujic, Juan Carlos Burguillo, Francisco C. Santos, and Tom Lenaerts
    in AAAI-21 Workshop on AI For Behavior Change held at the Thirty-Fifth AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-21), February 8, 2021. [Best Poster Award; Poster presented by Elias F. Domingos]
  27. Social network interventions to prevent reciprocity-driven polarization
    Fernando P. Santos, Francisco C. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco, and Simon A. Levin
    in Proc. of the 20th International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS 2021), U. Endriss, A. Nowé, F. Dignum, A. Lomuscio (eds.), May 3-7, 2021, Extended Abstract, IFAAMAS (2021).
    (pdf)
  28. Cooperation between independent reinforcement learners under wealth inequality
    Ramona Merhej, Fernando P. Santos, Francisco S. Melo, and Francisco C. Santos
    in Proc. of the 20th International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS 2021), U. Endriss, A. Nowé, F. Dignum, A. Lomuscio (eds.), May 3-7, 2021, Full Paper, IFAAMAS (2021).
    [Nominated for the Best Paper Award]
    (pdf)
  29. Eliciting fairness in multiplayer bargaining through network-based role assignment
    Andreia Sofia Teixeira, Francisco C. Santos, Alexandre P. Francisco, and Fernando P. Santos
    in Proc. of the 20th International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS 2021), U. Endriss, A. Nowé, F. Dignum, A. Lomuscio (eds.), May 3-7, 2021, Extended Abstract, IFAAMAS (2021).
    (pdf)
  30. Delegation and cooperation in climate dilemmas
    Elias F. Domingos, Francisco C. Santos, Ines Terrucha, Rémi Suchon, Jelena Grujic, Juan Carlos Burguillo, and Tom Lenaerts
    in Cooperative AI Workshop (CoopAI 2020),
    NeurIPS 2020 - Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems, 2020.
  31. Timing uncertainty in collective risk dilemmas encourages group reciprocation and polarization
    Elias Fernandez Domingos, Jelena Grujic, Juan C. Burguillo, Georg Kirchsteiger, Francisco C. Santos, Tom Lenaerts
    iScience 23 (12) 101752 (2020).
    (online version) (pdf)
  32. Navigating the Landscape of Multiplayer Games
    Shayegan Omidshafiei, Karl Tuyls, Wojciech M. Czarnecki, Francisco C. Santos, Mark Rowland, Jerome Connor, Daniel Hennes, Paul Muller, Julien Perolat, Bart De Vylder, Audrunas Gruslys, Remi Munos
    Nature Communications 11 5603 (2020).
    [featured as part of Editors' Highlights]
    (abstract) (pdf) (Supplementary Information)
  33. To Regulate or Not: A Social Dynamics Analysis of an Idealised AI Race
    The Anh Han, Luis Moniz Pereira, Francisco C. Santos, Tom Lenaerts
    Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research 69, pp. 881-921 (2020).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  34. Signalling boosts the evolution of cooperation in repeated group interactions
    Luis A. Martinez-Vaquero, Francisco C. Santos, and Vito Trianni
    Journal of the Royal Society Interface 17 (172) (2020).
    (abstract)
  35. Governance of Risky Public Goods under Graduated Punishment
    Marta G. Couto, Jorge M. Pacheco, and Francisco C. Santos
    Journal of Theoretical Biology 505, 110423 (2020).
    (abstract)(pdf)
  36. Picky Losers and Carefree Winners Prevail in Collective Risk Dilemmas with Partner Selection
    Fernando P. Santos, Samuel Mascarenhas, Francisco C. Santos, Filipa Correia, Samuel Gomes, and Ana Paiva
    Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems 34 (40) (2020).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  37. Emergence of Cooperation in N-Person Dilemmas through Actor-Critic Reinforcement Learning
    Joao Vitor Barbosa, Francisco S. Melo, Anna H. Reali Costa, Jaime S. Sichman and Francisco C. Santos
    in Adaptive Learning Workshop (ALA), AAMAS 2020 - Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems, 2020
  38. Norms for Beneficial A.I.: A Computational Analysis of the Societal Value Alignment Problem
    Pedro M. Fernandes, Francisco C. Santos, and Manuel Lopes
    AI Communications vol. 33, no. 3-6, pp. 155-171, 2020.
  39. Adoption Dynamics and Societal Impact of AI Systems in Complex Networks
    Pedro M. Fernandes, Francisco C. Santos, and Manuel Lopes
    in Proc of the 3rd AAAI/ACM Conference on AI, Ethics, and Society (AIES 2020), New York, Feb. 2020.
    (conference)
  40. Reward and punishment in climate change dilemmas
    António R. Góis, Fernando P. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco, and Francisco C. Santos
    Scientific Reports 9, 16193 (2019)
    (abstract) (pdf)
    (Blog post by A. Góis at Behavioural and Social Sciences - Nature Research)
  41. Walk the Talk! Exploring (Mis)Alignment of Words and Deeds by Robotic Teammates in a Public Goods Game
    Filipa Correia, Shruti Chandra, Samuel Mascarenhas, Julien Charles-Nicolas, Justin Philippe Roger Luc Gally, Diana Lopes, Fernando P. Santos, Francisco C. Santos, Francisco S. Melo, Ana Paiva
    in 28th IEEE International Conference on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (Ro-Man 2019)
    Winner of The RSJ/KROS Distinguished Interdisciplinary Research Award
    (conference)(pdf)
  42. A mathematical look at empathy
    Naoki Masuda and Francisco C. Santos
    eLife 8:e47036 (2019).
    (online version)(pdf)
  43. Teoria de Jogos Evolutiva e Cooperação: Potencialidades para Planeamento e Ordenamento do Território
    Sara A. Encarnação, Fernando P. Santos, Francisco C. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco, Juval Portugali, Margarida Pereira
    in Proc. of the 26th APDR Congress: Evidence-based territorial policymaking: Formulation, implementation and evaluation of policy, pp. 31-34, APDR.
    (pdf)
  44. Evolution of collective fairness in hybrid populations of humans and agents
    Fernando P. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco, Ana Paiva, and Francisco C. Santos,
    In Proceedings of the 33rd AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI 2019), vol. 33, pp. 6146-6153. 2019.
    (abstract)(pdf)
  45. Counterfactual thinking in cooperation dynamics
    Luis Moniz Pereira and Francisco C. Santos
    Book chapter in: Nepomuceno-Fernandez A., Magnani L., Salguero-Lamillar F., Bares-Gomez C., Fontaine M. (eds), Model-based reasoning in science and technology - Inferential models for Logic, Language, Cognition and Computation, Collection on Studies in Applied Philosophy, Epistemology and Rational Ethics (SAPERE), vol 49., pp 69-82, Springer (2019).
    (abstract) (Arxiv) (pdf)
  46. Exogenous Rewards for Promoting Cooperation in Scale-Free Networks
    Theodor Cimpeanu, The Anh Han and Francisco C. Santos,
    in Proc. of ALIFE 2019, the International Conference on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems , Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 2019.
    (pdf)
  47. Promoting Cooperation through External Interference
    The Anh Han, Long Tran-Thanh, Simon Lynch, Theodor Cimpeanu and Francisco C. Santos,
    in Proc. ALIFE 2019, 2019 Conference on Artificial Life, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 2019.
  48. Outcome-based Partner Selection in Collective Risk Dilemmas
    Fernando P. Santos, Samuel Mascaranhas, Francisco C. Santos, Filipa Correia, Samuel Gomes, Ana Paiva
    in Proc. of the 18th International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS 2019), May, 2019.
    (pdf)
  49. For The Record - A Public Goods Game For Exploring Human-Robot Collaboration
    Filipa Correia, Samuel Mascarenhas, Samuel Gomes, Silvia Tulli, Fernando P. Santos, Francisco C. Santos, Rui Prada, Francisco S. Melo and Ana Paiva
    in Proc. of the 18th International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS 2019, System Demos Track), May, 2019.
    (pdf)
  50. For a fair world, which nodes should have the last word in multiplayer ultimatum bargaining?
    Andreia Sofia Teixeira, Francisco C. Santos, Alexandre P. Francisco, and Fernando P. Santos
    in Proc. of the 2019 International Conference on Computational Social Science (IC2S2 2019).
  51. The Origins of Social Balance in Signed Networks
    Andreia Sofia Teixeira, Francisco C. Santos, and Alexandre P. Francisco
    in Proc. of the 2019 International Conference on Computational Social Science (IC2S2 2019).
  52. Structural and temporal patterns of the first global trading market
    Ana Sofia Ribeiro, Flávio L. Pinheiro, Francisco C. Santos, Amélia Polónia, and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Royal Society Open Science 5: 180577 (2018).
    (online version) (pdf)
  53. Social norm complexity and past reputations in the evolution of cooperation
    Fernando P. Santos, Francisco C. Santos, Jorge M.Pacheco
    Nature, vol. 555, pp. 242-245 (2018).
    (abstract) (pdf)
    (news and views by C. Efferson and E. Fehr)
    (behind the paper: The simple logic of cooperation, by Fernando P. Santos)
  54. Paths to the Adoption of Electric Vehicles: An Evolutionary Game Theoretical Approach
    Sara A. Encarnação, Fernando P. Santos, Francisco C. Santos, Vered Blass, Jorge M. Pacheco, Juval Portugali,
    Transportation Research Part B, vol. 113, pp. 24-33, (2018).
    (pdf)
  55. Large-Scale Simulations of Bacterial Populations over Complex Networks
    Andreia Sofia Teixeira, Pedro T. Monteiro, João A. Carriço, Francisco C. Santos, and Alexandre P. Francisco
    Journal of Computational Biology 25 (8), pp. 850-861 (2018).
    (abstract)
  56. Capturing Financial Volatility Through Simple Network Measures
    Pedro Souto, Andreia Sofia Teixeira, Alexandre P. Francisco, and Francisco C. Santos
    in Aiello L., Cherifi C., Cherifi H., Lambiotte R., Lió P., Rocha L. (eds) Complex Networks and Their Applications VII. COMPLEX NETWORKS 2018., Studies in Computational Intelligence Series, Vol 813 (2), pp. 534-546, Springer (2019).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  57. Fairness in multiplayer ultimatum games through degree-based role assignment
    Andreia Sofia Teixeira, Francisco C. Santos Alexandre P. Francisco, and Fernando P. Santos
    in Proc. International Conference on Complex Networks and their Applications 2018 (extended abstract), Dec., 2018
  58. Fostering cooperation in structured populations through local and global interference strategies
    The Anh Han, Long Tran-Thanh, Simon Lynch, and Francisco C. Santos
    in Proc. of IJCAI 2018, 27th International Joint Conference in Artificial Intelligence, pp. 289-295, 2018.
    (pdf)
  59. Multiplayer Ultimatum Games and Collective Fairness in Networked Communities
    Fernando P. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco, Ana Paiva, and Francisco C. Santos
    in Proc. of ALIFE 2018: The 2018 Conference on Artificial Life July 2018, (30) 286-287, MIT press (2018).
    (pdf)
  60. Human cooperation and the complexity of moral codes
    Fernando P. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco, and Francisco C. Santos
    in Proc. of ALIFE 2018: The 2018 Conference on Artificial Life July 2018, (30) 614-615, MIT press (2018).
    (pdf)
  61. Social Norms of Cooperation With Costly Reputation Building
    Fernando P. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco, and Francisco C. Santos
    in Proc. of AAAI 2018: The 32nd AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, pp. 4727-4734 (2018).
    (pdf)
  62. Engineering Pro-Sociality with Autonomous Agents
    Ana Paiva, Fernando P. Santos, and Francisco C. Santos
    in Proc. of AAAI 2018: The 32nd AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, pp. 7994-7999 (2018).
    Recipient of the best blue sky paper award, sponsored by the Computing Community Consortium, AAAI-18 Senior Track.
    (pdf)
  63. Indirect Reciprocity and Costly Reputation Building in Multiagent Systems
    Fernando P. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco, and Francisco C. Santos
    extended abstract accepted in the student's program of AAAI 2018.
    (pdf)
  64. Disease spreading in time-evolving networked communities
    Jorge M. Pacheco, Sven Van Segbroeck, and Francisco C. Santos
    in N. Masuda and P. Holme (eds.), Temporal Network Epidemiology, Theoretical Biology, pp 291-316, Springer Nature (2017).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  65. Data as the new oil and the Smart Cities Dilemma
    Sara A. Encarnação, Fernando P. Santos, Francisco C. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco, Juval Portugali,
    International Conference on Smart Cities: Potentials, Prospects and Discontents, City Center, TAU Research Center for Cities and Urbanism, Tel-Aviv University, Israel, September 2017.
  66. Untangling multi-sector governance strategies with evolutionary game theory
    Sara A. Encarnação, Fernando P. Santos, Francisco C. Santos, Vered Blass, Jorge M. Pacheco, Juval Portugali,
    in AESOP (Association of European Schools of Planning) Annual Conference '17, Lisbon, 2017.
  67. Multiplayer ultimatum game on complex networks: the role of structural power
    Fernando P. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco, Ana Paiva, and Francisco C. Santos,
    in Proc.of the 6th International Conference on Complex Networks and Their Applications, Studies in Computational Intelligence Series, Springer-Verlag (in press)
  68. Using Spark and MapReduce to Parallelize Large Scale Simulations Over Host Contact Networks
    Andreia Sofia Teixeira, Pedro T. Monteiro, João A. Carriço, Francisco C. Santos, and Alexandre P. Francisco
    In: Ibrahim S., Choo KK., Yan Z., Pedrycz W. (eds). Proc. of the 17th International Conference on Algorithms and Architectures for Parallel Processing (ICA3PP 2017)
    Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 10393. pp. 591-600, 2017, Springer.
    (abstract)(pdf)
  69. Structural power and the evolution of collective fairness in social networks
    Fernando P. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco, Ana Paiva, Francisco C. Santos,
    PLoS ONE 12 (4): e0175687 (2017).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  70. Stochastic dynamics through hierarchically embedded Markov chains
    Vítor V. Vasconcelos, Fernando P. Santos, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Physical Review Letters 118, 058301 (2017).
    (abstract) (pdf) (pdf + Supp. Material)
  71. Indirect reciprocity in populations of explorative agents
    Fernando P. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco, Francisco C. Santos
    in Workshop Adaptive Learning Agents (ALA'17) at AAMAS 2017, 2017.
  72. Emergence of social balance in signed networks
    Andreia Sofia Teixeira, Francisco C. Santos, and Alexandre P. Francisco
    in Goncalves B., Menezes R., Sinatra R., Zlatic V. (eds) Proc. of the 8th Workshop on Complex Networks VIII, CompleNet 2017, Springer Proceedings in Complexity, pp 185-192, Springer, 2017.
    (abstract)
  73. Paradigm shifts and the interplay between state, business and civil sectors
    Sara A. Encarnação, Fernando P. Santos, Francisco C. Santos, Vered Blass, Jorge M. Pacheco, and Juval Portugali
    Royal Society Open Science 3:160753 (2016).
    (abstract) (pdf) (Supplementary material)
  74. Evolution of cooperation under indirect reciprocity and arbitrary exploration rates
    Fernando P. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco and Francisco C. Santos
    Scientific Reports 6, 37517 (2016).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  75. Linking individual and collective behavior in adaptive social networks
    Flávio L. Pinheiro, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Physical Review Letters 116, 128702 (2016).
    (highlighted as Editors' Suggestion)
    (abstract) (pdf)
  76. An evolutionary game theoretic approach to multi-sector coordination and self-organization
    Fernando P. Santos, Sara A. Encarnação, Francisco C. Santos, Juval Portugali, and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Entropy 18 (2), 152 (2016).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  77. Social norms of cooperation in small-scale societies
    Fernando P. Santos, Francisco C. Santos, and Jorge M. Pacheco
    PLoS Computational Biology 12(1): e1004709 (2016).
    (abstract) (pdf)(cover of Jan/2016 issue)
  78. Evolutionary dynamics of collective index insurance
    Jorge M. Pacheco, Francisco C. Santos, and Simon A. Levin
    Journal of Mathematical Biology 72 (4), pg. 997-1010, 2016.
    (abstract) (pdf)
  79. Execution Errors Enable the Evolution of Fairness in the Ultimatum Game
    Fernando P. Santos, Francisco C. Santos, Ana Paiva, and Jorge M. Pacheco
    in Proceedings of the 22st European Conference on Artificial Intelligence (ECAI2016), (extended abstract), Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications series, G.A. Kaminka et al. (Eds.), Vol. 285, pp. 1592-3 IOS press, 2016.
    (pdf)
  80. The Role of Execution Errors in Populations of Ultimatum Bargaining Agents
    Fernando P. Santos, Francisco C. Santos, Ana Paiva, and Jorge M. Pacheco
    in 2nd Workshop on Conflict Resolution in Decision Making (COREDEMA 2016), Satellite Workshop at the 22st European Conference on Artificial Intelligence (ECAI2016), Amsterdam, 2016.
    (pdf)
  81. Evolution of Fairness in Multiplayer Ultimatum Games
    Fernando P. Santos, Francisco C. Santos, Ana Paiva, and Jorge M. Pacheco
    in 1st Workshop on Multidisciplinary Applications of Evolutionary Game Theory, Satellite Workshop at ALife XV, 15th International Conference on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems (ALIFE XV), Mexico, July 2016.
    (pdf)
  82. Cooperation and Reputation in Primitive Societies
    Fernando P. Santos, Francisco C. Santos, and Jorge M. Pacheco
    in Proceedings of 15th International Conference on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems (ALIFE XV), MIT press, July,2016.
    (pdf)
  83. Multiplayer ultimatum game in populations of autonomous agents
    Fernando P. Santos, Francisco C. Santos, Francisco S. Melo, Ana Paiva, Jorge M. Pacheco
    Adaptive and Learning Agents Workshop (ALA 2016), Int. Conf. Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS 2016), (Best paper award of ALA 2016).
    (pdf)
  84. Spanning Edge Betweenness in Practice
    Andreia Sofia Teixeira, Francisco C. Santos, and Alexandre P. Francisco
    in Complex Networks VII, Proc. of the 7th Workshop on Complex Networks (CompleNet 2016), Series Studies in Computational Intelligence, Vol. 644, pp. 3-10, Springer-Verlag, 2016.
    (abstract) (pdf)
  85. Learning to be Fair in Multiplayer Ultimatum Games
    Fernando P. Santos, Francisco C. Santos, Francisco S. Melo, Ana Paiva, and Jorge M. Pacheco
    in Proceedings of the 2016 International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS 2016), IFAAMAS, 2016.
    (online proceedings)(pdf)
  86. Modeling the socio-ecological dynamics of the first global age (1400-1800)
    Amelia Polonia, Jorge M. Pacheco, Francisco C. Santos
    in Proc. of the International Conference Old and New Worlds: the Global Challenges of Rural History, XV Congreso de Historia Agraria de la SEHA, Hosted by ISCTE, Lisbon, Portugal (Jan, 2016).
    (link) (conference e-book)
  87. Evolutionary Dynamics of Group Fairness
    Fernando P. Santos, Francisco C. Santos, Ana Paiva and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Journal of Theoretical Biology 378 96-102 (2015).
    (abstract)(pdf)
  88. The Universality of Peer-Influence in Social Networks
    Flavio L. Pinheiro, Marta D. Santos, Francisco C. Santos, and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Proceedings of the European Conference on Artificial Life 378 ECAL 2015, Andrews, et al. (eds), pp. 149, MIT Press, 2015.
    (extended abstract) (pdf)
  89. Cooperation Dynamics of Polycentric Climate Governance
    Vítor V. Vasconcelos, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences (M3AS) 25 (13) 2503, 2015.
    (abstract) (pdf)
  90. Evolutionary perks of being irrational
    Fernando P. Santos, Francisco C. Santos and Ana Paiva
    in Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS 2015), Bordini, Elkind, Weiss, Yolum (eds.), May 4–8, 2015, Istanbul, Turkey (AAMAS 2015), pp. 1847, IFAAMAS, 2015.
    (pdf)(for an extended version see here)
  91. Synergy between intention recognition and commitments in cooperation dilemmas
    The Anh Han, Francisco C. Santos, Tom Lenaerts and Luís Moniz Pereira
    Scientific Reports 5 9312 (2015).
    (abstract and pdf)
  92. Co-evolutionary Dynamics of Collective Action with Signaling for a Quorum
    Jorge M. Pacheco, Vítor V. Vasconcelos, Francisco C. Santos and Brian Skyrms
    PLoS Computational Biology 11(2): e1004101 (2015).
    (abstract and pdf)
  93. Teoria de Jogos Evolutiva na Modelação da Cooperação entre os Sectores Público, Privado e Civil
    Sara A. Encarnação, Fernando Santos, Francisco C. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco, and Juval Portugali
    in Proc. X Congresso da Geografia Portuguesa - Os Valores da Geografia , UNL-FCSH, Lisbon, Sept (2015).
  94. Emergence of Cooperation via Intention Recognition, Commitment, and Apology - A Research Summary
    The Anh Han, Luís Moniz Pereira, Francisco C. Santos, and Tom Lenaerts
    AI Communications 29:1 (2015).
    (abstract and pdf)
  95. Evolution of all-or-none strategies in repeated public goods dilemmas
    Flávio L. Pinheiro, Vítor V. Vasconcelos, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    PLoS Computational Biology 10(11): e1003945 (2014).
    (abstract and pdf)
  96. Climate governance as a complex adaptive system (reply to comments)
    Jorge M. Pacheco, Vítor V. Vasconcelos, and Francisco C. Santos
    Physics of Life Reviews 11 (2014), pp. 595-597.
    (preview) (pdf)
  97. The Ecology of Cancer from an Evolutionary Game Theory Perspective
    Jorge M. Pacheco, Francisco C. Santos and David Dingli
    Interface Focus 4 (4) 20140019 (2014).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  98. Origin of peer influence in social networks
    Flávio L. Pinheiro, Marta D. Santos, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Physical Review Letters 112 098702 (2014).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  99. Climate policies under wealth inequality
    Vítor V. Vasconcelos, Francisco C. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco and Simon A. Levin
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U S A 111 (6) (2014) 2212-2216.
    (abstract) (pdf) (Supp. Info.)
  100. Climate Change Governance, Cooperation and Self-organization
    Jorge M. Pacheco, Vítor V. Vasconcelos, and Francisco C. Santos
    Physics of Life Reviews 11 (2014), pp. 573-586.
    (abstract) (pdf)
  101. Evolution of Pairwise Commitment and Cooperation
    The Anh Han, Luís Moniz Pereira, Francisco C. Santos and Tom Lenaerts
    Proceedings of the European Conference on Complex Systems 2014 (ECCS'14) (extended abstract).
  102. Learning to Recognize Intentions Resolves Cooperation Dilemmas
    The Anh Han, Luís Moniz Pereira, Tom Lenaerts and Francisco C. Santos
    Proceedings of the 23rd annual Belgian-Dutch Conference on Machine Learning (BENELEARN 2014), Brussels, Belgium (extended abstract).
  103. Complex Systems of Mindful Entities: on Intention Recognition and Commitment
    Luís Moniz Pereira, The Anh Han and Francisco C. Santos
    Book chapter in Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology, Series in Studies in Applied Philosophy, Epistemology and Rational Ethics, Volume 8, pp 499-525, Springer, 2014.
    (abstract)
  104. Evolution of Fairness and Conditional Cooperation in Public Goods Dilemmas
    Sven Van Segbroeck, Jorge M. Pacheco, Tom Lenaerts and Francisco C. Santos
    in the Proceedings of the European Conference on Complex Systems 2012 Springer Proceedings in Complexity, pp 827-830, Springer, 2014.
    (pdf) (for an extended version, please see here).
  105. A bottom-up institutional approach to cooperative governance of risky commons
    Vítor V. Vasconcelos, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Nature Climate Change 3 (9) pp. 797-801 (2013)
    (abstract) (pdf) (news and views by A. Tavoni)
  106. Good Agreements Make Good Friends
    The Anh Han, Luís Moniz Pereira, Francisco C. Santos and Tom Lenaerts
    Scientific Reports 3 No. 2695, 2013.
    (abstract) (pdf) (supplementary information)
  107. Why is it so hard to say sorry
    The Anh Han, Luís Moniz Pereira, Francisco C. Santos and Tom Lenaerts
    in Procs. of the 25th Benelux Conference on Artificial Intelligence (BNAIC 2013), November 7-8, Delft, The Netherlands, 2013.
    (extended abstract)
  108. Urban Dynamics, Fractals and Generalized Entropy
    Sara A. Encarnação, Marcos Gaudiano, Francisco C. Santos, José A. Tenedório and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Entropy 15 pp. 2679-2697 (2013).
    (pdf)
  109. Evolution of collective action in adaptive social structures
    João A. Moreira, Jorge M. Pacheco and Francisco C. Santos
    Scientific Reports 3 1521 (2013).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  110. Self-organized game dynamics in complex networks
    Flávio L. Pinheiro, Vítor V. Vasconcelos, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    in Advances in Artificial Life, ECAL 2013: Proceedings of the 12th European Conference on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems, edited by P. Lio, O. Miglino, G. Nicosia, S.Nolfi and M. Pavone, pp. 61-62, MIT Press, 2013.
    (MIT press link) (pdf)
  111. Bootstrapping back the climate with self-organization
    Vítor V. Vasconcelos, Flávio L. Pinheiro,Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    in Advances in Artificial Life, ECAL 2013: Proceedings of the 12th European Conference on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems, edited by P. Lio, O. Miglino, G. Nicosia, S.Nolfi and M. Pavone, pp. 182-183, MIT Press, 2013.
    (MIT press link) (pdf)
  112. Why is it so hard to say sorry? Evolution of Apology with Commitment in the Iterated Prisoner's Dilemma
    The Anh Han, Luís Moniz Pereira, Francisco C. Santos and Tom Lenaerts
    in Proc. of 23rd International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI 2013), AAAI Press, 2013.
    (abstract)
  113. Reward from Punishment Does Not Emerge at All Costs
    Jeromos Vukov, Flávio L. Pinheiro, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    PLoS Computational Biology 9 (1) e1002868 (2013).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  114. Behavioral dynamics under climate change dilemmas
    Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    book chapter in New Challenges to Philosophy of Science, The Philosophy of Science in a European Perspective Series (Volume 4), edited by Hanne Andersen, Dennis Dieks, Wenceslao J. Gonzalez, Marcel Weber, Gregory Wheeler, Springer, pp. 113-124, Springer. 2013.
    (abstract)
  115. Individual memory and the emergence of cooperation
    João Moreira, Jeromos Vukov, Cláudia Sousa, Francisco C. Santos, André F. Almeida, Marta D. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Animal Behaviour 85 (1) pp. 233-239 (2013).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  116. Dynamics of N-Person Snowdrift Games in Structured Populations
    Marta D. Santos, Flávio L. Pinheiro, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Journal of Theoretical Biology 312, pp. 81-86 (2012).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  117. Fractal cartography of urban areas
    Sara A. Encarnação, Marcos Gaudiano, Francisco C. Santos, José A. Tenedório and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Scientific Reports 2, 527 (2012).
    (open access : online version | pdf)
    (press coverage (in Portuguese): Público(28-07-2012))
  118. Corpus-based Intention Recognition in Cooperation Dilemmas
    The Anh Han, Luís Moniz Pereira and Francisco C. Santos
    Artificial Life 18 (4) pp.365-383 (2012).
    (abstract)
  119. How selection pressure changes the nature of social dilemmas in structured populations
    Flávio L. Pinheiro, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    New Journal of Physics 14 (2012) 073035.
    (abstract) (abstract)
  120. Emergence of Fairness in Repeated Group Interactions
    Sven Van Segbroeck, Jorge M. Pacheco, Tom Lenaerts and Francisco C. Santos
    Physical Review Letters 108, 158104 (2012).
    (abstract) (pdf) (supp. material) (article + supp. material)
  121. Cognitive strategies take advantage of the cooperative potential of heterogeneous networks
    Jeromos Vukov, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    New Journal of Physics 14 (2012) 063031.
    (open access: abstract & pdf)
  122. From local to global dilemmas in social networks
    Flávio L. Pinheiro, Jorge M. Pacheco and Francisco C. Santos
    PLoS One 7 (2): e32114 (2012).
    (open access) (pdf)
  123. The role of diversity in the evolution of cooperation
    Francisco C. Santos, Flávio L. Pinheiro, Tom Lenaerts and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Journal of Theoretical Biology 299, pp 88-96, (2012).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  124. Evolutionary dynamics of climate change under collective-risk dilemmas
    Francisco C. Santos, Vitor Vasconcelos, Marta D. Santos, Pedro Neves and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences (M3AS) Vol. 22, Supp. Issue (1) 1140004 (2012).
    (abstract)(pdf)
  125. Intention recognition, commitment and the evolution of cooperation
    The Anh Han, Luís Moniz Pereira and Francisco C. Santos
    in Proc. IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC) and WCCI 2012 IEEE World Congress on Computational Intelligence pp.1-8, 10-15 June 2012.
    (abstract) (pdf)
  126. Tracking the evolution of cooperation in complex networked populations
    Flávio L. Pinheiro, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Evolutionary Computation, Machine Learning and Data Mining in Bioinformatics,
    M. Giacobini, L. Vanneschi and W. S. Bush (Eds), Proceedings of Evo* 2012 and EvoBIO 2012,
    Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 2012, Vol. 7246, 86-96, Springer-Verlag, 2012.
    (abstract)
  127. The emergence of commitments and cooperation
    The Anh Han, Luís Moniz Pereira and Francisco C. Santos
    in Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS 2012), Conitzer, Winikoff, Padgham, and van der Hoek (eds.), pp. 559-566, IFAAMAS (2012).
    (pdf)
  128. Evolving the asymmetry of the Prisoner's dilemma game in adaptive social structures
    João Moreira, Jorge M. Pacheco, Francisco C. Santos
    in Proceedings of the 5th International ICST Conference on Bio-Inspired Models of Network, Information, and Computing System, J. Suzuki and T. Nakano (Eds.): BIONETICS 2010, Bio-Inspired Models of Network, Information, and Computing Systems Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering (LNICST) 87, pp. 205-212, Springer (2012).
    (abstract)
  129. Evolutionary Dynamics of Cooperation Under the Distributed Prisoner's Dilemma
    Flávio L. Pinheiro, Francisco C. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco
    in Proceedings of the 5th International ICST Conference on Bio-Inspired Models of Network, Information, and Computing System, J. Suzuki and T. Nakano (Eds.): BIONETICS 2010, Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering (LNICST) 87, pp. 523-532, Springer (2012).
    (abstract)
  130. Collective Evolutionary Dynamics and Spatial Reciprocity under the N-Person Snowdrift Game
    Marta D. Santos, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco,
    in Proceedings of the 5th International ICST Conference on Bio-Inspired Models of Network, Information, and Computing System, J. Suzuki and T. Nakano (Eds.): BIONETICS 2010, Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering (LNICST) 87, pp. 178-188, Springer (2012).
    (abstract)
  131. Escaping the tragedy of the commons via directed investments
    Jeromos Vukov, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Journal of Theoretical Biology 287, 37-41 (2011).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  132. Risk of collective failure provides an escape from the tragedy of the commons
    Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 108 (26) 10421-10425 (2011).
    (abstract) (pdf)
    [press coverage (in Portuguese): Público (edição em papel, online/ecosfera), Jornal i, Ciência Hoje, Planeta Azul (destaque, entrevista), Diário do Minho, Radio TSF (text, Audio), tvi24, Correio da Manha, Portugal Diário, Ambiente Magazine, CvTv]
  133. Evolution of social diversity under the distributed prisoner's dilemma
    Flávio L. Pinheiro, João A. Moreira, Marta D. Santos, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Int. J. of Autonomous and Adaptive Communications Systems (accepted).
  134. Evolution of social diversity under the distributed prisoner's dilemma
    Andre F. Almeida, João A. Moreira, Marta D. Santos, Jeromos Vukov, Francisco C. Santos, Claudia Sousa, Jorge M. Pacheco
    Folia Primatologica 82 (6), 372-372 (2011).
  135. The messianic effect of pathological altruism
    Jorge M. Pacheco and Francisco C. Santos
    in Pathological Altruism, Oxford University Press, USA; 1st edition (July 25, 2011).
    Edited by Barbara Oakley, Ariel Knafo, Guruprasad Madhavan and David Sloan Wilson, (reviews) (cover) (OUP and Amazon.com) (New York Times).
  136. Evolutionary dynamics of collective action
    Jorge M. Pacheco, Francisco C. Santos, Max O. Souza and Brian Skyrms
    in Advances in Artificial Life, ECAL 2011: Proceedings of the Eleventh European Conference on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems,
    T. Lenaerts, M. Giacobini, H. Bersini, P. Bourgine, M. Dorigo and R. Doursat, eds.
    MIT Press, 2011
    (online version)(pdf)
  137. Co-evolution of pre-play signaling and cooperation
    Francisco C. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco and Brian Skyrms
    in Advances in Artificial Life, ECAL 2011: Proceedings of the Eleventh European Conference on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems,
    T. Lenaerts, M. Giacobini, H. Bersini, P. Bourgine, M. Dorigo and R. Doursat, eds.
    MIT Press, 2011.
    (online version)(pdf)
  138. Intention Recognition Promotes The Emergence of Cooperation
    The Anh Han, Luís Moniz Pereira and Francisco C. Santos
    Adaptive Behavior 19 (4) 264-279 (2011).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  139. Incipient Cognition Solves the Spatial Reciprocity Conundrum of Cooperation
    Jeromos Vukov, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    PLoS One 6(3): e17939 (2011).
    (open access: abstract & pdf) (supporting information)
  140. The role of intention recognition in the evolution of cooperative behavior
    The Anh Han, Luís Moniz Pereira and Francisco C. Santos
    in Proceedings of the 22nd International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, July 2011, Barcelona, Spain (IJCAI 2011), pp. 1684-1689, AAAI / MIT press.
    (pdf)
  141. Co-evolution of pre-play signaling and cooperation
    Francisco C. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco and Brian Skyrms
    Journal of Theoretical Biology 274 (1) 30-35 (2011).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  142. Selection pressure transforms the nature of social dilemmas in adaptive networks
    Sven Van Segbroeck, Francisco C. Santos, Tom Lenaerts and Jorge M. Pacheco
    New Journal of Physics 13 (2011) 013007.
    (abstract) (pdf)
  143. Evolutionary dynamics of collective action
    Jorge M. Pacheco, Francisco C. Santos, Max O. Souza and Brian Skyrms
    in The Mathematics of Darwin's Legacy, series on Mathematics and Biosciences in Interaction, Chalub and Rodrigues (eds), p.119, Birkhauser Basel (1st Edition., 2011, Hardcover, ISBN: 978-3-0348-0121-8).
    (pdf)
  144. Emergence of cooperation in adaptive social networks with behavioral diversity
    Sven Van Segbroeck, Francisco C. Santos, Tom Lenaerts and Jorge M. Pacheco
    in Proceedings of the 10th European Conference on Artifical Life, ECAL 2009, Budapest, Hungary
    Kampis, G.; Karsai, I.; Szathmary, E. (Eds.)
    Advances in Artificial Life: Darwin Meets von Neumann, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 5777, pp.434-441, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany, 2011.
    (abstract) (pdf)
  145. To grip or not to grip? Evolving role allocation and internal conflict in autonomous robots
    Christos Ampatzis, Francisco C. Santos, Vito Trianni and Elio Tuci
    in Proceedings of the 10th European Conference on Artifical Life, ECAL 2009, Budapest, Hungary
    Kampis, G.; Karsai, I.; Szathmary, E. (Eds.)
    Advances in Artificial Life: Darwin Meets von Neumann, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 5777, pp.205-212, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany, 2011.
    (abstract) (pdf)
  146. Co-evolution of cooperation, response to adverse social ties and network structure
    Sven Van Segbroeck, Francisco C. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco and Tom Lenaerts
    Games 1:3 (2010) 317-337.
    (abstract) (pdf)
  147. Sistemas Territoriais Complexos – da não linearidade das dinâmicas territoriais à emergência de territórios auto-organizados
    Sara A. Encarnação, Sergio Serafim, Marcos Gaudiano, Francisco C. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco and José António Tenedório
    in Proceedings of the XII Coloquio Ibérico de Geografia, Porto, Portugal, 2010.
    (pdf)
  148. Adaptive contact networks change effective disease infectiousness and dynamics
    Sven Van Segbroeck, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    PLoS Computational Biology 6:8 (2010) e1000895 .
    (abstract) (pdf) (supporting information) (Press Coverage)
  149. Coordinating towards a Common Good
    Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    in Proc. of ICNAAM 2010: International Conference of Numerical Analysis and Applied Mathematics 2010
    AIP Conference Proceedings, Sept 30, (2010) Vol. 1281, p. 1540
    (E-link)
  150. Learning to coordinate in complex networks
    Sven Van Segbroeck,Steven de Jong, Ann Nowe, Francisco C. Santos and Tom Lenaerts
    Adaptive Behavior 18:5 (2010) 416-427
    (abstract) (pdf)
  151. Emergence of collective action under coordination dilemmas
    Francisco C. Santos, Brian Skyrms, Max O. Souza and Jorge M. Pacheco
    in Proceedings of the European Conference on Complex Systems ECCS2010, Lisboa, Portugal.
    (pdf)
  152. Population structure induces a symmetry breaking favoring the emergence of cooperation
    Jorge M. Pacheco, Flávio Pinheiro and Francisco C. Santos,
    PLoS Computational Biology 5(12): e1000596 (2009).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  153. Reply: Evolutionary game theory: lessons and limitations, a cancer perspective
    David Dingli, Fabio A. C. C. Chalub, Francisco C. Santos, Sven Van Segbroeck and Jorge M. Pacheco
    British Journal of Cancer 101, 2062-2063 (2009).
    (pdf)
  154. Evolution of Cooperation under N-person Snowdrift Games
    Max O. Souza, Jorge M. Pacheco and Francisco C. Santos,
    Journal of Theoretical Biology 260 (4) 581-588 (2009).
    (abstract)(pdf)
  155. Cancer phenotype as the outcome of an evolutionary game between normal and malignant cells
    David Dingli, Fabio A. C. C. Chalub, Francisco C. Santos, Sven Van Segbroeck and Jorge M. Pacheco
    British Journal of Cancer 101 1130-1136 (2009).
    (abstract) (pdf)
    Press Coverage: [Publico (PT):printed ed. 1 and 2, online ed.] [Ciência Hoje (EN)], [Scientific Blogging (EN)], [e! Science News (EN)]
  156. Social Odometry: Imitation Based Odometry in Collective Robotics
    Alvaro Gutiérrez, Alexandre Campo, Francisco C. Santos, Felix Monasterio-Huelin and Marco Dorigo
    International Journal of Advanced Robotic Systems 6 (2) 129-136 (2009).
    (pdf)
  157. Behavioral differences and the evolution of cooperation in adaptive social networks
    Sven Van Segbroeck, Francisco C. Santos, Tom Lenaerts and Jorge M. Pacheco
    in Proceedings of the Benelux Conference on Artificial Intelligence 2009 B-paper No 84 (2009).
    (pdf)
  158. Social diversity promotes the emergence of cooperative behavior
    Francisco C. Santos, Marta D. Santos, Sven Van Segbroeck and Jorge M. Pacheco
    in Proceedings of the Benelux Conference on Artificial Intelligence 2009 B-paper No 86 (2009).
    (pdf)
  159. Structure versus function: a topological perspective on immune networks
    Emma Hart, Hugues Bersini and Francisco C. Santos,
    Natural Computing, June 2009, DOI 10.1007/s11047-009-9138-8
    (abstract)(pdf)
  160. Reacting differently to adverse ties promotes cooperation in social networks
    Sven Van Segbroeck, Francisco C. Santos, Tom Lenaerts and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Physical Review Letters 102, 058105 (2009)
    (abstract)(press coverage)(pdf)
  161. Reacting differently to adverse ties promotes cooperation in social networks
    Sven Van Segbroeck, Francisco C. Santos, Tom Lenaerts and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Selected for the Virtual Journal of Biological Physics Research 17:4 (2009)
  162. The coevolution of loyalty and cooperation
    Sven Van Segbroeck, Francisco C. Santos, Ann Nowé, Jorge M. Pacheco and Tom Lenaerts
    in Proceedings of the IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation pp. 500-505 (2009)
    (abstract) (pdf)
  163. Evolution of cooperation in adaptive social networks.
    Sven Van Segbroeck, Francisco C. Santos, Arne Traulsen, Tom Lenaerts and Jorge M. Pacheco
    in "Handbook on Biological Networks" S. Boccaletti, V. Latora, and Y. Moreno (Edts.) World Scientific Publishing Company, Singapore (2009)
    (amazon.com)
  164. Evolutionary games in self-organizing populations
    Arne Traulsen, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Book Chapter in Adaptive Networks: Theory, Models and Applications, T. Gross & H. Sayama (Edts.) p.253-266
    Series on Understanding Complex Systems, Springer; 1 edition (August 31, 2009).
    (pdf)
  165. Evolutionary dynamics of collective action in N-person stag hunt dilemmas.
    Jorge M. Pacheco, Francisco C. Santos, Max O. Souza and Brian Skyrms
    Proceedings Royal Society B 276 1655 (2009) (Online 25-Sept-2008).
    (abstract @ PRSB)(pdf)(Supp. Material).
  166. The evolution of prompt reactions to adverse ties.
    Sven Van Segbroeck, Francisco C. Santos, Ann Nowé, Jorge M. Pacheco and Tom Lenaerts
    BMC Evolutionary Biology 8 : 287 (2008).
    (open access)(PubMed)
  167. Social diversity promotes the emergence of cooperation in public goods games.
    Francisco C. Santos, Marta D. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Nature 454 (2008) 213-216 (Online 10-July-2008)
    (abstract @ Nature)(pdf)
    (press coverage ).
  168. Social Odometry in Populations of Autonomous Robots.
    Alvaro Gutiérrez, Alexandre Campo, Francisco C. Santos, Carlo Pinciroli and Marco Dorigo
    Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Ant Colony Optimization and Swarm Intelligence (ANTS) 2008.
    Lecture Notes in Computer Science 5217 (2008) 371-378, Springer.
    (abstract) (pdf)
  169. Topological evolution: from biology to social sciences.
    Ph.D. in Engineering Sciences (Doctour en Sciences de l'ingénieur) at the Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium (2007).
  170. Topological Constraints in the Evolution of Idiotypic Networks.
    Emma Hart, Hugues Bersini and Francisco C. Santos,
    Artificial Immune Systems, Proceedings of the 6th International Conference, ICARIS 2007, Santos, Brazil, August, 2007 (L. Nunes de Castro, F. José Von Zuben, H. Knidel (eds))
    Lecture Notes in Computer Science 4628 (2007) 252-263, Springer.
    (abstract).
  171. Types, instances and high-level constraints in growing networks.
    Hugues Bersini, Francisco C. Santos, Tom Lenaerts,
    In Proc. of the European Conference on Complex Systems 2007, Dresden 2007.
    (ECCS'07).
  172. Cooperation prevails when individuals adjust their social ties.
    Francisco C. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco and Tom Lenaerts,
    In Proc. of the European Conference on Complex Systems 2007, Dresden 2007.
    (ECCS'07).
  173. How Affinity Influences Tolerance in an Idiotypic Network.
    Emma Hart, Hugues Bersini and Francisco C. Santos,
    Journal of Theoretical Biology 249 (2007) 422-436.
    (abstract) (pdf).
  174. A Multi-Level Selection Model for the Emergence of Social Norms.
    Francisco C. Santos, Fabio A. C. C. Chalub and Jorge M. Pacheco
    in Proceedings of the 9th European Conference on Artifical Life 2007, Lisbon, Portugal (ed. Costa et al),
    Advances in Artifial Life, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 4648 (2007), 525-534, Springer.
    (abstract) (pdf)(ECAL'07).
  175. Evolution of cooperation in a population of selfish adaptive agents.
    Jorge M. Pacheco, Tom Lenaerts and Francisco C. Santos,
    in Proceedings of the 9th European Conference on Artifical Life 2007, Lisbon, Portugal (ed. Costa et al),
    Advances in Artifial Life, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 4648 (2007), 535-544, Springer.
    (abstract) (pdf)(ECAL'07).
  176. Networks regulating networks: The effects of constraints on topological evolution.
    Francisco C. Santos, Hugues Bersini and Tom Lenaerts
    in Proceedings of the 9th European Conference on Artifical Life 2007, Lisbon, Portugal (ed. Costa et al),
    Advances in Artifial Life, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 4648 (2007), 956-965, Springer.
    (abstract) (pdf)(ECAL'07).
  177. Evolution of norms in a multi-level selection model of conflict and cooperation.
    Jorge M. Pacheco, Francisco C. Santos, Chalub, F. A. C. C. ,
    Electronic Journal of Theoretical Physics 4 16 (2) 157-172 (2007).
    (pdf).
  178. Stern-judging: A simple, successful norm which promotes cooperation under indirect reciprocity.
    Jorge M. Pacheco, Francisco C. Santos and Fabio A. C. C. Chalub ,
    PLoS Comput. Biol. (2006) 2 (12):e178 (Online 29-Dec-2006).
    (abstract) (PubMed) (pdf).
  179. Cooperation Prevails When Individuals Adjust Their Social Ties.
    Francisco C. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco,Tom Lenaerts,
    PLoS Comput. Biol. (2006) 2 (10):e140 (Online 20-Oct-2006).
    (abstract) (PubMed) (pdf).
  180. Tolerance vs Intolerance: How Affinity Defines Topology in an Idiotypic Network.
    Emma Hart, Hugues Bersini and Francisco C. Santos,
    Artificial Immune Systems, Proceedings of the 5th International Conference, ICARIS 2006, Oeiras, Portugal, September 4-6, 2006,(H. Bersini and J. Carneiro (eds))
    Lecture Notes in Computer Science 4163 (2006) 109-121, Springer.
    (abstract).
  181. Games on graphs.
    M.Sc. in Engineering Sciences (Diplome d'Etudes Approfondies en Sciences Appliquees) (MSc equivalent), Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium (2006).
  182. Evolutionary Dynamics of Social Dilemmas in Structured Heterogeneous Populations.
    Francisco C. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco and Tom Lenaerts,
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103 (2006) 3490-3494 (Online 16-Feb-2006)
    (abstract) (PubMed) (Press coverage) (pdf)
    (selected as one of 10 classic papers in Game Theory and Decision Science, 2016 by Google Scholar).
  183. How scale-free type-based networks emerge from instance-based dynamics.
    Tom Lenaerts, Hugues Bersini and Francisco C. Santos,
    Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on the Simulation and Synthesis of Living Systems (Alife X), (Rocha et al.,Editors), p.8-15, MIT Press (2006)
    (abstract) (pdf)
  184. Emergence of Cooperation in Heterogeneous structured populations.
    Francisco C. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco and Tom Lenaerts,
    Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on the Simulation and Synthesis of Living Systems (Alife X), (Rocha et al.,Editors), p.432-437, MIT Press (2006)
    (abstract)
  185. Growing Biological networks:Beyond the gene-duplication model.
    Hugues Bersini, Tom Lenaerts and Francisco C. Santos,
    Journal of Theoretical Biology 241 (3) (2006) (Online 25-Jan-2006).
    (abstract) (PubMed) (pdf)
  186. The Evolution of Norms.
    Fabio A. C. C. Chalub, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco,
    Journal of Theoretical Biology 271 (2) (2006) (Online 04-Jan-2006).
    (abstract) (PubMed) (pdf)
  187. A new route to the evolution of cooperation.
    Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco,
    Journal of Evolutionary Biology 19 (3), 726-733 (2006).
    (abstract) (PubMed) (pdf)
  188. Graph topology plays a determinant role in the evolution of cooperation.
    Francisco C. Santos, João F. Rodrigues and Jorge M. Pacheco,
    Proceedings Royal Society B 273, 51-55 (2006), (online October 2005).
    (Abstract) (PubMed) (pdf)
  189. Epidemic spreading and cooperation dynamics on homogeneous small-world networks.
    Francisco C. Santos, João F. Rodrigues and Jorge M. Pacheco,
    Physical Review E 72 (2005) 056128.
    (Abstract) (PubMed) (pdf)
  190. Growing Biochemical Networks: Identifying the Intrinsic Properties
    Hugues Bersini, Tom Lenaerts and Francisco C. Santos,
    In Mathieu S. Capcarrere, Alex Alves Freitas, Peter J. Bentley, Colin G. Johnson, Jon Timmis, editors, Advances in Artificial Life, Proceedings of the 8th European Conference, ECAL 2005, Canterbury, UK, September 5-9, 2005,
    Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 3630 : 864-873(2005) Springer.
    (Abstract) (pdf)
  191. Scale-Free networks provide a unifying framework for the Emergence of Cooperation
    Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco,
    Physical Review Letters 95 (2005) 098104.
    (Abstract) (PubMed) (pdf)
  192. Network dependence of the dilemmas of cooperation
    Jorge M. Pacheco and Francisco C. Santos,
    Science of Complex Networks: from Biology to the Internet and WWW. AIP Conference Proceedings 776 (2005) pp 90-100 (J. F. F. Mendes, Editor)
    (Abstract) (pdf)
  193. Neutrino helicity asymmetries in leptogenesis
    Luís Bento and Francisco C. Santos,
    Physical Review D 71(2005) 096001 .
    (Abstract) (arxiv) (pdf)